A growing number of jurisdictions are offering Citizenship by investment (CBI) or Residence by investment (RBI) schemes allowing foreign citizens to obtain local citizenship or permanent or temporary residence rights in order to take advantage of the local flat fees or in exchange for local investments. These individuals may be interested in these opportunities for a number of legitimate reasons such as taking advantage of visa free travelling, increased mobility or better job or educational opportunities, or the choice of living in an economically stable country. But at the same time the information which is released on the market and obtained by the OECD CRS public disclosure facility stresses on the various RBI and CBI misuse schemes which are aimed at circumventing the requirements for reporting under the Common Reporting Standards (CRS).
OECD has announced further actions to be taken for efficient Base erosion and profit shifting (BEPS) implementation for the collaboration among the country members of the Organization and their jurisdictions of potential tax avoidance schemes which use the existing mismatches and gaps in the tax rules for shifting profits toward locations with lower or no taxes. The latest developments are targeted towards assuring certainty for both Multinational Corporations and tax administrations and require Country-by-Country (CBC) reporting.
The Inclusive Framework includes the newly approved updates to the results of the preferential regime reviews of the Forum on Harmful Tax Practices (FHTP) regarding BEPS Action 5.